文章摘要
《印中搜闻》与19世纪早期西方人的中国法律观
The Indo-Chinese Gleaner and Chinese Law in the Eyes of Early-Nineteenth-Century Westerners
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 《印中搜闻》  马礼逊  米怜  19世纪早期  中国法形象
英文关键词: The Indo-Chinese Gleaner  Robert Morrison  William Milne  early Nineteenth Century  the image of Chinese law
基金项目:国家社科重点项目"《中国评论》与十九世纪末西方视野中的中国法"(15AFX006)的阶段性研究成果。
作者单位
李秀清 华东政法大学法律学院 
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中文摘要:
      《印中搜闻》(1817年5月至1822年4月)是由新教传教士马礼逊和米怜创办于马六甲的一份英文季刊,内容较杂。中国的社会、历史和文化为其主要关注对象。对于中国法律,它集中于刑事法,体现出来的是抨击和否定,具体包括死刑多、执行方法残酷,非法拷问屡禁不绝,地方官失职渎职、司法腐败及奸杀案件不断、道德沦丧等方面。纵向地看,这种抨击和否定,正符合始自19世纪初,西方人评判中国法发生转向,否定中国法的观点渐居主流的趋势,且它在其中起着推波助澜的作用。基督教的优越感和创刊人来华后的处境不如意,是其偏好构建这种中国法形象的两个重要原因。借助于其本身的传播、创办人和主要撰稿人在西方教俗两界的影响及承袭其衣钵的《中国丛报》的流布,《印中搜闻》所体现的负面中国法律观的影响持久而深远。
英文摘要:
      The Indo-Chinese Gleaner (May 1817 to April 1822) was an English quarterly founded by Protestant missionaries Robert Morrison (1782-1834) and William Milne (1785-1822) in Malacca, with Chinese society, history and culture as its main concern among its diverse content. With respect to Chinese law, it focused on attacking the legal system, especially Chinese criminal law and criminal procedure, including the overuse and brutal implementation of the death penalty, persistent illegal use of torture, local officials' dereliction of duty and judicial corruption, widespread adultery and murder, and moral decay, etc. Chronologically speaking, such attack and denial coincided with and further facilitated the switch of the turn-of-the-century mainstream Western view toward criticism of the Chinese law. The journal's preference to construct Chinese law in such image could be mainly attributed to its founders' sense of Christian supremacy and their unsatisfactory situation in China. With its founders and main contributors' influence in both religious and secular worlds as well as the wide dissemination of its descendant, The Chinese Repository (1832-1851), the negative image of Chinese law created by The Indo-Chinese Gleaner's has had a lasting and far-reaching impact.
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