文章摘要
预防刑法的扩张及其限度
Expansion of Preventive Criminal Law and Its Limitation
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 预防刑法  刑法立法  风险社会  刑法谦抑性
英文关键词: preventive criminal law  criminal legislation  risky society  constitutional restrain
基金项目:2015年度国家社科基金一般项目"刑事立法的新近扩张及其法治限度研究"(15BFX051)的阶段性成果。
作者单位
何荣功 武汉大学法学院 
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中文摘要:
      预防刑法是刑法开放发展、适应社会变迁的产物,它表现出与传统刑法的结构性差异。预防刑法在我国已由碎片化条款转变为类型化立法。刑法中的"秩序安全"具有双面含义,预防刑法追求对法益侵害的事先预防,实现有效的社会控制,却隐含着扩张和模糊刑法干预界限的风险。刑法立法的预防转向是现代社会法律整体价值立场转换的一个具体面相,未来我国预防刑法的发展不可避免,如何防范预防刑法对法治的解构是一个重要问题。限制预防刑法需要从宪法和刑法两方面进行。对于刑法立法而言,关键在于确立法益侵害危险的规范构造,坚持刑法的谦抑性。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the guiding ideology on legislation in China has emphasized the promotional and leading role of the criminal law in social life, thus providing a strong ideological support for the development of preventive criminal law. In the areas of counter-terrorism and cyber-crime, preventive criminal law has transformed from dispersive and sporadic provisions into typological legislation. The emergence of preventive criminal law (including that in China) is just one sign of the overall value transformation of law in modern society, which is the result of the improvement of state functions and powers and bases its legitimacy on democratic politics. It is closely linked to the lack of validity of the existing non-criminal laws and regulations, and shows the increasingly strong symbolic significance of modern criminal Law. The security of order sought by criminal law has a dual meaning:criminal law needs not only to punish crimes and maintain the security of social order, but also to restraint the punishment power of the state and maintain the stability of the criminal law. Preventive criminal law actively pursues harm prevention and social control. Meanwhile, it is also faced with the risk of blurring of the boundary of the criminal law resulting from excessive expansion. Confronted with information society and risk society, the development of preventive criminal law in China is inevitable and effective prevention and reduction of the negative deconstruction of the rule of law in criminal law will become an important research subject. To control the excessive expansion of preventive criminal law, measures should be taken both in the field of constitutional law and in the field of criminal law. Currently, the relaxation or abandonment of the principle of "criminal law as the last resort" lacks legal basis and relevant institutional support, and therefore must be opposed.
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