文章摘要
夫妻财产制与财产法规则的冲突与协调
Conflicts Between Matrimonial Property Regime and Property Law and Their Resolution
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 夫妻财产制  财产法  夫妻共同财产  夫妻债务  夫妻间赠与
英文关键词: matrimonial property regime  property law  marital common property  marital debt  bestowal of gifts between the couple
基金项目:国家社科基金项目"夫妻财产制与财产法规则的冲突与协调问题研究"(项目编号13BFX094)的阶段性成果。
作者单位
裴桦 大连海事大学法学院 
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中文摘要:
      夫妻财产制是规范夫妻财产关系的法律制度,涉及夫妻财产的归属(取得)、变动、权利行使、债务承担、清算与分割等多个环节,每一个环节都可能与财产法规则产生冲突。理论界和实务界较为关注的冲突主要在五个方面:在财产归属方面、物权变动方面和权利行使方面夫妻财产制与物权法规则的冲突,在夫妻债务认定、夫妻间赠与问题上夫妻财产制与合同法规则的冲突。前两个冲突是表面上的冲突而非实质性冲突,针对婚姻内部即夫妻之间的财产关系,应当适用婚姻法的夫妻财产制。第三和第四个冲突是实质性冲突,而且是法律本身的冲突,针对婚姻外部即夫妻与第三人的关系,应当适用财产法规则。最后一个冲突也是实质性冲突,但不是法律本身的冲突,而是法律适用中的冲突,应根据不同情况作出不同的选择。
英文摘要:
      The matrimonial property regime refers to those rules that regulate the marital property relationship, which include the attribution (gain), alteration, rights, debts, clearing and division of marital property, and each of these links may conflict with the rules of property law. The following five aspects of the conflicts have attracted the attention of both academic and practice circles:the conflicts between the matrimonial property regime and the Real Right Law in rules of property attribution, in the alteration of real right and in the exercises of rights, and the conflicts between the matrimonial property regime and the Contract Law in the confirmation of marital debts and in the bestowal of gifts between the couple. The first two conflicts focus on the property relationship between the couple, to which the Marriage Law should apply. The third and the fourth conflicts are not only substantial conflicts, but also conflicts between different laws. They are conflicts between a couple and a third party, to which rules of property law should be applied. The last one is also a substantial conflict. However, it is not a conflict of rules but s conflict of application, in which different choices should be made according different circumstances.
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