文章摘要
被误解和被高估的动态体系论
Misunderstood and Overestimated of Flexible System Approach
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 动态体系论  要素体系  基础评价  评价法学
英文关键词: flexible system approach  element system  basic evaluation  jurisprudence of values
基金项目:本文是2015年度国家社科基金项目“民法典债编之基本框架的重构”(批准号15BFX105)的部分研究成果。
作者单位
解亘 南京大学法学院 
班天可 复旦大学法学院 
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中文摘要:
      动态体系论正在为国内越来越多的学者所接受,并越来越频繁地出现在民法学各个领域的解释论和立法论当中。然而,学界却在一定程度上误读了动态体系论,并由此对其抱有过高的期待。作为评价法学的一个版本,动态体系论既要对抗概念法学的僵硬,也要对抗自由法学的恣意和非合理性。国内学界往往忽略了后者的意义,片面强调结果的弹性化,导致其所主张的立法论和解释论并不能克服自由法学带来的恣意和不确定性。另一方面,即便澄清了误读,动态体系论也存在自身的局限性。动态体系论的体系性,由要素体系和基础评价这两大支柱构成,但是内在体系本身的捉摸不定导致了要素体系的不限定性,实定法上也普遍缺失基础评价。先天的不足极大地限制了动态体系论发挥作用的空间。
英文摘要:
      Accepted by more and more Chinese scholars, the flexible system approach appears more and more frequently in the theories of interpretation and legislation in different areas of Chinese civil law. However, the Chinese academia has misread to some extent and thus has a too high expectation of the flexible system approach. As a version of jurisprudence of values,the flexible system approach must oppose not only the inflexibility of conceptual jurisprudence but also the arbitrariness and unreasonableness of the free-law school. However, the Chinese academia often ignores the significance of the latter, and only emphasizes the flexibility of results. As a result, both the legislation theory and interpretation theory put forward by Chinese academia fail to overcome the arbitrariness and uncertainty of the free-law school. On the other hand, even such misunderstanding has been clarified, the flexible system approach also has its own deficiencies. The flexible system approach consists of two pillars:the element system and basic evaluation (Basiswertung). However, both of the two pillars are fragile:firstly, the uncertainty of internal system itself leads to unlimitedness of the element system; secondly, there is a common shortage of basic evaluations in statutory law. These inherent deficiencies have greatly limited the role played by the flexible system approach.
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