文章摘要
不方便法院制度的几点思考
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 涉外诉讼  不方便法院  适用条件
英文关键词: 
基金项目:
作者单位
奚晓明 最高人民法院民事审判二庭 
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中文摘要:
      不方便法院制度是法院在涉外民商事诉讼中依当事人申请决定中止诉讼的一项制度。这一制度的概念产生于 1 7世纪,完善于 2 0世纪初。我国采用该制度有助于实现公平与效率,且不与国家主权原则矛盾,但应以互惠为前提。在我国适用该原则应具备受诉法院有管辖权、案件处理结果与本国利益关系不大、在程序上有异议主体等条件。法院应以不同方式对适用该原则作出裁定。
英文摘要:
      Forum Non-Convenience is system whereby the court may,upon the request of a party,decide to discontinue a civil or commercial lawsuit inelving foreign elements. The concept of forum nonconvenience took form in the 17th century and was perfected in the 20th century. Applying this system in China on the basis of reciprocity is conducive to the achievement of fairness and efficiency and does not contradict the principle of state sovereignty. The application of this system requires the following conditions:the court that accepts the case has jurisdiction over the case,the result of the lawsuit has no major impact on the national interest,and there is a dispute over the procedure. The court should use different methods in applying this doctrine.
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